People always talk about how building wealth is hard. Personally, I think it is a mindset shift. We see rich people with big time jobs making lots of money. In our heads, we think it is hard to accomplish these things. I hate to break it to you, it is not as hard as you think. Here is a roadmap to wealth.
Let’s really dive into what wealth really is. Is it all the money in the world? Nope.
Is it having a big house and fancy cars? Nope.
Is it having the most glamorous vacations? Wrong again.
Wealth is not about how much money you spend, it is about how much money you accumulate.
When we are working towards wealth, we want to accumulate assets. Being able to have income producing assets helps us create passive income to help fund our life and retirement.
Our job when trying to become wealthy is to create good financial habits. These habits will lead us on the path to wealth.
Money Lessons not taught in school.
I know that most of us were in school for a bit of time in life. In school, we have failed to be taught basic financial literacy such as compounding interest, taxes, and owning assets. So some of these habits are a little foreign to us.
I am here to try to help guide you on your own path to wealth. This is going to be your roadmap to wealth.
Let’s start off with the basics.
Stop 1: An Emergency Fund
People talk about an emergency fund a lot. It is like one of the basic bricks to building the foundation of our financial house. We need to have a fund for emergencies.
How much are we talking?
Most people would say 3-6 months. Honestly, 6 months to me is a pretty good number. If something happens to you and you are out of work for more than 3 months then you will feel a crunch.
With six months of an emergency fund, you will have peace of mind. It will give you enough time to make arrangements to find employment or get supplements from the government as you search for employment.
Emergency funds are not just for loss of jobs, it is also for an emergency. Just 39% of Americans have the money to cover a $1000 emergency. Anything can happen.
For instance, if your car breaks down. You will need to get it repaired, maybe a rental, or buy a new car. These things can cost a lot of money. An emergency fund will be there to save you.
If you are looking to start on the right track, start saving to build an emergency fund. This should be one of the first steps you take on your roadmap to wealth.
Stop 2: Make a Budget.
Making emergency funds is imperative for your journey to wealth. Having a budget is another part of the journey. It is always best to know where you are in order to know where you are going.
“ Failure to plan is planning to fail”
We need to know where our money is going. I started budgeting in 2016 with a cool app called YNAB (You need a budget). It was all about saving money for the future and breaking that paycheck to paycheck lifestyle.
Not all budgets are for everyone, but needing to track how much you spend is part of the process of knowing where your money is going.
If you realize you spend more than 50% of your income on rent, well…. you may want to change things up a bit.
A budget is basically separating your costs in different categories.
These are just a few of things you can put down.
Different ways to make a budget
Elizabeth Warren came up with a budget that is simple for people to use. It is called the 50/30/20 budget.
50% goes to needs ( rent, utilities, etc. )
30% goes to wants ( entertainment, shopping)
20% goes to saving (investing, savings)
My friend Lionel from CentbyCent had his own personal view on the 50/30/20. Personal finance is personal.
This is just a simple one to help you on your road to wealth. Personally, my wife and I do not have a set budget.
We track our spendings on a google sheet. It makes it easy. We do have categories for each item, and we make sure to input them in the sheet to track how we are doing.
You can totally change these to fit your life. Personal finance is personal, and you make things work for you and your situation.
If you check out my Net Worth Statements. You will see that we try to save a lot of our money. We try to save anywhere between 50-65% of our money each month. It was through discipline and tracking our spending that we have been able to do this.
It is always best to know where your money is going. If you do not know where it is going you will end the month with nothing left and wonder where all your money has gone.
It is time to make a budget on this roadmap to wealth.
Stop 3: Pay off your debt
Debt is quite crippling. It can detour us on our journey to wealth easier than anything else. Student loans, credit card debt, and anything else is something that can cause stress, anxiety, and put us in a dire situation.
Our job is to get rid of this debt. In an ideal world, it would be nice to not have the debt, but circumstances happen that can cause debt. That is why we need a good emergency fund to help us in those emergency times.
Dave Ramsey is famous for talking about the Debt Snowball method. I am partial towards the Debt Avalanche method.
Knocks out the smallest debt in order to get a feeling of accomplishment. It motivates you to knock out the next biggest debt.
Knocks out the highest interest loan in order to save the most money and not let the interest compound even more over time.
Both methods work, but I am partial to the Debt Avalanche. It saves more money, but it does feel like it can take a bit longer.
The Debt snowball will cost more in interest, but it will motivate you more to keep knocking out the debt.
Let’s make a decision and knock out some debt. Getting rid of debt removes any roadblocks on our journey to wealth.
Stop 4: Invest your savings
Saving needs to be a part of your roadmap to wealth. With these savings, you can go ahead and invest them.
Investing is a scary word. People wonder if they will lose their money. Is investing really worth it? They have seen it happen to family and friends and they do not want that to happen to them.
But investing is one of the only ways to create more wealth without earning more money.
When we buy a house, we are investing into our future. Investing into income producing assets helps our money to work for us.
Compounding interest on investments
Let’s take a look at compounding interest.
Have you heard of compounding interest? It is the magic of the investing world. If your investment is growing at a rate of 7% per year you will be able to watch that money grow over time.
Let’s make this simple. At 7%, your investment will double every 10 years. This is using the Rule of 72, which states to divide the rate of return by 72 to find out how many years it will take the investment to double.
Since we now know how compounding interest works let’s see how we can use our money to grow.
Most people think investments are just the stock market. There are other markets you can get into.
- A business
- Real Estate
Business Insider/Andy Kiersz
Personal Finance is personal
Let's stop thinking about how others have lost money, let’s start thinking about how you can have your money make money for you.
I personally prefer the stock market. It is my preference. Now I am not a stock wiz. I will not try to sell you a course on how to be a stock wiz. Just keep it simple.
My strategy is buying index funds that track the whole market. You can go to Vanguard, buy VTSAX/VTI, and be set. It is that easy.
You then have exposure to the whole U.S. Market with 3500 stocks. Be patient, let it grow for years, and then retire.
Now with investing, the earlier you start the more time you have for the investments to compound.
Stop 5: Hitting Financial Independence
Your last stop is financial independence. Once you hit financial independence you can do whatever you want. Keep in mind the financial habits you have built, but you have the ability to work anywhere.
Being financially independent gives you freedom of choice. You are now in control of your time because you no longer need to worry about money. The journey to wealth is almost finished. You can keep growing it or relax and enjoy it.
This is the sweet spot. The best part of the journey. It is what some would hope they reach by retirement age, some will reach it while they are young, and others may never reach it.
Use this roadmap to wealth, and make financial independence your last stop and goal.
The Roadmap to Wealth:
On your journey to wealth, there will be many stops along the way.
You will need to do the following:
- Start an Emergency fund
- Make a budget
- Pay off debt
- Invest the rest
- Hitting Financial Independence
These five simple things can really help you to set up a path for wealth. This is how I am doing it. I hope that you can do it too.
The steps are simple, but can be hard to implement. So keep pushing forward, and be patient.
“A little impatience will spoil great plans”
-A Chinese Proverb-
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” Spend less than you make, stay out of debt, and invest the rest”